The three year limitation period will not apply to actions brought by an individual for personal injuries relating to an act or omission which was abuse which the individual suffered as a child. If the abuse continued over a period of time, then the three year time limit will also not apply where the individual was a child when the abuse began.
Abuse includes sexual abuse, physical abuse, emotional abuse and abuse which takes the form of neglect. A child is an individual who is under the age of 18. Because the section focuses on the timing of the abuse and not the timing of the injury, it will also apply in situations where abuse occurred when the individual was a child but the injury which they suffered as a result of the abuse did not manifest itself until a later stage.
The 2017 Act is unusual in that the changes which it makes have retrospective effect. This means that the three year limitation period will no longer apply regardless of when the abuse occurred with the exception of cases where the events occurred prior to 26 September 1964.