We have outlined below the manifesto pledges of the main political parties in alphabetical order:
- Bring into force legislation making exclusivity clauses in zero-hours contracts unenforceable.
- Accept the recommendations of the Low Pay Commission to increase the national minimum wage rate to £6.70 per hour in October 2015 with a view to increasing it to over £8.00 by 2020.
- Increase entitlement to free childcare to 30 hours for all three and four year olds of working parents.
- Bring an end to six-figure payoffs for the highest paid public sector workers.
- Bring into force legislation which will require the repayment by public sector employees of their exit payments in certain circumstances.
- Reform the law relating to strikes and other industrial action.
- Create an extra three million apprenticeships over the next five years.
- Aim to halve the disability employment gap by changing policy, practice and public attitudes to help get hundreds of thousands of disabled people into employment.
- Promote gender equality by requiring large businesses with more than 250 staff to publish the difference in average wages between male and female employees.
- Take steps to eradicate the exploitation of migrant workers and introduce tougher regulation to deal with illegal working and exploitation.
- Provide for paid volunteering leave (for three days a year) for people working in large companies and in the public sector.
- Replace the Human Rights Act 1998 with a British Bill of Rights and make the Supreme Court the ultimate arbiter of human rights issues in the UK.
The full Conservative Manifesto can be read here.
- Put an end to "exploitative" zero-hours contracts.
- Increase the national minimum wage to £10 per hour by 2020, and increase the NMW to £8.10 by 2015). Anyone doing training or work placements will either be at college or paid at least the National Minimum Wage.
- Introduce a 35-hour working week with a view to increasing the number of jobs available.
- Make equal pay for men and women a reality.
- Have a maximum pay ratio of 10:1 between highest paid and lowest paid in every business.
- Reduction in Employment Tribunal fees.
- Introduce employee-elected Directors in medium and large companies.
- Prevent exploitation of interns by ensuring no unpaid internship lasts more than 4 weeks.
- Retain the Human Rights Act 1998 and membership of the European Convention on Human Rights and the Council of Europe.
The full Green Party Manifesto can be read here.
- Restrict "exploitative" use of zero-hours contracts by ensuring that people who work "regular hours" in their first 12 weeks of employment are given a regular contract.
- Increase the National Minimum Wage to more than £8.00 per hour by October 2019.
- Introduce a "Make Work Pay" incentive giving tax rebates to companies that commit to paying the living wage during the first year of a Labour government.
- Increase free childcare to 25 hours to three and four year olds of working parents.
- Require primary schools to provide wraparound care between 08.00am to 6.00pm through before and after-school clubs.
- Double paid paternity leave from two to four weeks, and increase paternity pay to £260 per week.
- Abolish the current employment tribunal fee system.
- Abolish the loophole that allows companies to undercut permanent staff by using agency workers on lower rates of pay.
- Protect migrant workers by making it a criminal offence to undercut wages by exploitation of migrant workers; ensuring migrant's jobs and conditions are no worse than local employees.
- Supporting young people at work and ensuring thousands of more apprenticeship opportunities.
- Requiring large companies to publish their gender pay gap in order to reduce discrimination against women
- Establish a race equality strategy to ensure that public institutions are representative of black and ethnic minority communities.
- Preserve the Human Rights Act 1998 and consider reforming the role of the European Court of Human Rights.
The full Labour Manifesto can be read here.
- Eradicate abuse of zero-hours contracts and create a right for workers to request a fixed term contract.
- Establish a review on setting a "fair" living wage and pay this to all central government departments and executive agencies by April 2016.
- Providing for an additional month of paternity leave
- Make paternity leave and shared parental leave rights available from the outset of employment.
- Expand free childcare and complete the introduction of tax-free childcare.
- Review the employment tribunal fee regime in the context of access to justice.
- Double the number of businesses that hire apprentices.
- Double the number of employer inspections to ensure statutory employment legislation is being complied with in relation to migrant workers.
- Enact the remaining provisions of the Equality Act 2010.
- Increase the number of women in work.
- Require large employers to publish details of their gender pay gap.
- Push for race and gender diversity on boards.
- Encourage employers to shortlist qualified disabled candidate for vacancies, and provide advice on adaptations to the workplace.
- Maintain the Human Rights Act 1998 and introduce a separate Freedoms Act containing rights to freedom of speech and protest.
The full Liberal Democrat Manifesto can be read here.
Scottish National Party (SNP)
- Consult on how to end "unfair and exploitative" zero-hours contracts.
- Increase the National Minimum Wage to £8.70 by 2020 and ensure that the Living Wage is paid to all public sector workers and encourage private sector employers to do the same.
- Ensure 30 hours of free childcare for all three and four year olds, and qualifying two year olds by the end of the next Scottish Parliament.
- Increase paternity leave.
- Create 30,000 new modern apprenticeships every year by 2020.
- Implement proposals with the aim of ensuring women represent 50% on public boards in Scotland and encourage the same for the rest of the UK;
- New laws on maternity discrimination within the first year of Government.
- Equal pay audits for large companies.
- Once equality powers are devolved the SNP plans to bring forward an Equal Pay (Scotland) Bill to deliver equal pay for women in Scotland.
- Maintain the Human Rights Act 1998.
The full SNP Manifesto can be read here.
UK Independent Party (UKIP)
- Will not put a blanket ban on zero-hours contracts, but will introduce a legally binding Code of Conduct covering a ban on exclusivity clauses in zero-hours contracts, a requirement of 12 hours' notice of work, and a requirement to give zero-hours workers a full or part time contract after 12 months, if requested.
- Reverse the cuts to enforcement inspectors in relation to the NMW in England and Wales.
- De-regulate childcare provision and amend the voucher scheme. UKIP intend to continue to fund the 15 hours a week free childcare to three and four year olds of working parents.
- UKIP intends to leave the European Union, but will adopt any European employment rights into UK law.
- Remove Britain from the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights and repeal the Human Rights Act 1998, replacing it with a Bill of Rights which will protect all human and civil rights and will apply in Scotland, England, Wales and Northern Ireland.
- Allow British businesses to choose to employ British people first, in preference to non-British citizens.
- Will not allow the NHS or anyone else to employ home care workers on zero-hours contracts. These workers will receive the National Minimum Wage for the hours they have worked, inclusive of travelling time.